thinking training

mąstymo lavinimas statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Ilgalaikis didaktinis procesas, kai vadovaujama vaikų mąstymo kokybės tobulinimui. Pagrindinė ikimokyklinio ir mokyklinio amžiaus vaikų mąstymo lavinimo priemonė – kalba. Pirmiausia svarbu gausinti ir tikslinti žodyną, nes žodžiai atspindi apibendrintus tikrovės daiktus ir reiškinius. Jau ikimokykliniame amžiuje vaikai pradeda pastebėti esminius objektų požymius, pagal kuriuos grupuoja daiktus, ieško priežastinių ryšių, juos lygindami, analizuodami. Šias mąstymo operacijas būtina plėtoti. Mokykloje gerokai prasiplečia vaikų praktinė ir pažintinė patirtis, todėl galima sudaryti sąvokų sistemas, pagal kurias nustatomi objektų ryšiai. Reikia kaip galima daugiau kreipti mokinių mąstymą į įvairių uždavinių sprendimą, ugdyti mąstymo lankstumą, abstraktumą, pagrįstumą, kritiškumą. Aukštesniosiose klasėse mokoma mąstyti kritiškai, kūrybiškai, savarankiškai kelti problemas, numatyti sprendimo prielaidas, patiems rasti sprendimo logiką ir būdus. Kūrybinį mąstymą lavina heuristinio, probleminio, kritinio ir tiriamojo mokymo metodai. atitikmenys: angl. thinking training vok. Denkerziehung rus. развитие мышления ryšiai: dar žiūrėkmąstymas dar žiūrėkmąstymo vystymasis

Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas. 2007.

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